Sunday, April 29, 2012

A word from former Mayor Val Schier

With the local council elections over and the Cairns Entertainment Precinct and its funding now appearing to be dead in the water, former Cairns Regional Council Mayor Val Schier  has contributed these thoughts to the Support for the Cairns Entertainment Facebook page:

Mayor Val Schier I have been asked to put into writing some things I said last night about the CEP at our celebration of my term in council. - what Mayor Manning is proposing is NOT a precinct; it's a cheaper theatre on another site far less spectacular than what was proposed - the CEP which my Council had ready to go for only $57M (and I say only because no-one objected when we spent $112M of ratepayers money upgrading 4 sewage treatment plants in my term of council) was a master-planned precinct that contained:
 1. An 1100 seat theatre.
 2. a huge open, covered plaza area, 5 metres above ground level (no storm surge issues) for people to take their families to watch cruise liners and big navy ships.
 3. a 500 seat amphitheatre with a screen for watching films, sports events etc.
 4. Whites shed refurbished to reveal the historical sugar bagging equipment high up in the ceiling, a reminder of our heritage with interpretive signage
 5. Huge spaces underneath the sugar bagging machinery that could have been used to generate income: an art gallery? artists and craftspeople working spaces? (not to compete with CBD traders)
 6. A community kitchen in the middle for events like celebrating the Samoan independence day or anniversary of Mabo Day.
 7. A link to the Convention Centre to enable more exhibition space for lucrative conventions that generate so much income into our community.
 8. a link with the Cruise liner terminal to make an extraordinary experience for visiting tourists
 9. a rehearsal space that could double as a theatre for smaller events.
ALL this AND no disruption to the working port and the cruise liners, navy ships, coastal shipping happening in front of it; AND still room for wharves 7 and 8 to double in size; AND still room for doubling navy expansion
 I don't grieve the loss of the mayoralty, but today I mourn the loss of the CEP for my granddaughter and the people of the Cairns region who will never have ths extraordinary waterfront development that would have put cranes over the sky initially, stimulated business confidence and attracted that much-needed private sector investment that Cairns so desperately needs. So much potential, now gone.

Friday, April 20, 2012

Support for the Cairns Entertainment Precinct

A support group for the Cairns Entertainment Precinct has been organised in response to comments recently made by the Queensland premier and dutifully supported by the local LNP member for Cairns that the funds could possibly be withdrawn.

"Recent developments about the Cairns Entertainment Precinct are sparking some doubt within the community. My stance is that Cairns needs this precinct and without going into arguments about the location and technicalities it would be a shame to lose the funding and postpone it for longer than necessary. Please invite all your friends to this group and get the support noticed! If you support having an Entertainment Precinct in Cairns please join the group even if you want some development plans changed - you can post your ideas or changes you would like to see on this page. This is the voice of the community!"

If you support the CEP, please  join this group

Monday, April 16, 2012

Great Barrier Reef dying beneath its crown of thorns

  Article republished from The Conversation:

        Another wave is coming: the coral-killing crown of thorns starfish.
The Great Barrier Reef is under attack from a range of enemies including climate change effects (coral bleaching, increased severe storms, and ocean acidification), pollutant discharge from the land, coastal development, and damage from fishing.

As a result, coral cover is in severe decline, seagrass has declined dramatically in the last few years, while numbers of megafauna including dugong, turtles, sharks and some dolphins have greatly reduced population numbers.

In particular for coral, analysis of coral cover data from about 1960 onwards suggests that cover across the GBR has fallen from about 50% in the 1960s to about 16% now. As yet unpublished estimates by Dr Glenn De'ath and his colleagues suggest that if current trends continue coral cover could be as low as 5% in 20 years.

A diver examines a devastated area of the Great Barrier Reef, which is rapidly losing its coral cover. AAP/James Cook University

Coral-eating crown of thorns starfish (Acanthaster planci) (COTS) have caused widespread damage to many coral reefs in the Indo-Pacific over the past five decades as population “explosions” have occurred at regular intervals. On the GBR the greatest cause of coral mortality in recent decades is COTS ahead of other major causes such as cyclones, bleaching and coral diseases. COTS were probably the major cause of coral mortality in the period from 1960 to 1985 also but our data is less complete for this period. Kate Osborne and her co-researchers found that COTS were responsible for 36.7% of the coral damage above all other causes including storms (33.8%), disease (6.5%), bleaching (5.6%) and unknown or multiple causes (17.4%).

Starfish offensives come in waves. AAP/In Touch Media

There have been three major periods (“waves”) of COTS outbreaks on the GBR: 1962 – 1976; 1978 – 1991; 1993 – 2005; and it is now accepted that we are at the beginning of the next wave which appears to have started off Cairns in 2009. Each wave started near Cairns and spread through larval dispersion up and down the GBR generally as far as Princess Charlotte Bay in the north and Mackay in the south. If the current wave moves in a similar way we can expect starfish populations to progress throughout the central GBR over the next 10 years or so.

Vanishing beauty. AAP/James Cook University

The impact of outbreaks on the GBR is a major concern to the multi-billion dollar tourism industry. Over a number of years, there was an outbreak on reefs between Cairns and the Whitsundays which was estimated to cost tourism operators, and the Queensland and Australian Governments about $3 million a year for control measures.

The cause of the outbreaks remains a controversial issue despite years of research.  Hypotheses have included that (1) population outbreaks are a natural phenomenon due to the inherently unstable population sizes of highly fecund organisms such as COTS; (2) outbreaks are due to anthropogenic changes to the environment of the starfish with a range of possible anthropogenic causes including: removal of adult and/or juvenile predators; destruction of larval predators e.g. corals, by construction activities on reefs; and larval food supply (phytoplankton) enhancement from nutrient enriched terrestrial run-off.

It is now well established that the large scale outbreaks seen on the GBR since 1962 are most likely to have been caused by nutrient enrichment associated with increased discharge of nitrogen and phosphorus from the land due to increased soil erosion and large scale fertiliser use. Increased nutrients drive phytoplankton blooms with increased biomass and also a shift to larger phytoplankton types more palatable to COTS larvae as food.  Removal of predators (especially fish) is also implicated as a secondary cause.

There is some evidence that the increase in the area of no-take zones in 2004 has had significant success, as COTS numbers on closed reefs are lower than on reefs open to fishing. Site specific management (through removal) has been successful at a local scale, although it is very labour intensive. With the initiation of the fourth wave of outbreaks now confirmed it is clear that water quality management under the Reef Water Quality Protection Plan (implemented in 2008) has not had time to prevent further outbreaks. However further water quality management will be critical to minimise future outbreaks.

In conclusion we can state unequivocally that COTS remain the greatest threat to the coral of the GBR and thus also indirectly to coral reef fish, although obviously of lesser threat to seagrass, dugongs, and some other megafauna.

This article was originally published at The Conversation.
            Read the original article.